Urdu Books – Baqir Majlisi. Title, Subject, Download. Asbaat e Imammate, Imammat, Download. Bahar-ul-Anwar – Volume 01, Hadith, Download. Bahar-ul- Anwar. Al-Majlisi has tried to cover all common topics and issues in Bihar al-anwar; for example, this collection begins with the book of “al-‘Aql wa. Bahar-ul-Anwar – Volume Darhalat Hazart Imam Hussain(a.s) · Maujazat · Makaram-e-Ekhlaq Wa Digar Ehwal · Aap (a.s) Ke Aur Mawiya Ke Darmiyan.
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This book is also commonly called al-Bihar in brief. Writing urd this book which is a collection of Shi’a teachings, lasted more than 30 years and a group of al-‘Allama al-Majlisi’s students helped him in this task. The author has organized the book based on 25 general topics and thus in 25 volumes.
However, nowadays it is published in volumes. In every volume, the author has collected related subtopics in different chapters. In every chapter then, he first has mentioned verses of the Qur’an related with that urdy together with their interpretations and then has mentioned hadiths related to that chapter.
Al-Majlisi has tried to cover all common topics and issues in Bihar al-anwar ; for example, this collection begins with the book of “al-‘Aql wa l-jahl” wisdom and ignorance and continues anwaar topics about theologyOneness of God tawhiddivine justice and the history of the prophets.
From volume 15 to volume 53 of the volume set is dedicated to the life biharjl merits of the Prophet sLady Fatima s anwaar, and Shi’a Imams a. Due to its maximum number of hadiths narrated from Shi’a Imams achaptering of topics, explanation of hadiths, various theological, historical, jurisprudentialexegeticalethicalhadith, and lexical researches, Bihar al-anwar has a great position among researchers; so that regardless of its many volumes, since its first publication, many manuscript copies of that were written and with later development of printing industry, all or parts of it have been frequently printed.
He was among the nobilities of Shi’a at the time of Safavids.
Bihar al-anwar (book)
He was an expert in different Islamic sciences such as exegesishadithjurisprudenceusulhistory, rijaldirayaphilosophylogic, mathematics, literature, lexicon, geography, medicine, astronomy, and occult sciences. In the introduction of Bihar al-anwar urdi, al-Majlisi explained his goal of writing the uru as. He also tried to collect those references which were about to be lost and thus referred to those books which were abandoned due to excessive attention to the Four Booksthe corrupt intentions, lack of attention of the ignorant and the enemies of the Ahl al-Bayt a.
He also said that, “No book biharjl this has ever been written and no one has superseded me in this and I hope this book will be the reference of scholars and seekers of knowledge for all those who seek anwqr knowledge of Imams a until the rise of the Upriser a of the Ahl al-Bayt a. To write this book, al-Majlisi sent many of his students to different cities and countries biharkl find available hadith books and manuscripts.
Al-Majlisi could well manage all the works needed, so he only sent his students to collect and write verses of the Qur’an and hadiths under the titles he organized. The rest of selections from text and writing the final draft was done by Allama himself. Al-Majlisi chose titles for the front cover of every book and organized titles in every book. He began every chapter with verses of the glorious Qur’an which were either directly related or through different historical, hadith and exegetical evidences they were related with the title; then he brought quotations from different exegetes usually Amin al-Islam al-Tabrisi and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and then he mentioned hadiths related bijarul any title together with their references.
He sometimes narrated a part of a hadith and brought it in full elsewhere more appropriate he sometimes mentioned where he had brought the hadith in full and also, if necessary, he explained the meaning of hadiths. His explanations are not found in the volumes copied by his students.
Although al-Majlisi benefited from the assistance of some scholars, financial help of Safavid government, and different privileges and facilities for gathering sources for the process of writing Bihar al-anwaraccording to available manuscripts and other evidences, he-after achieving scientific degrees and writing most of his books-did the main job himself.
As an encyclopedia of the legacy of the Ahl al-Bayt aBiarul al-anwar has always had a great and important position in the scientific tradition of Shi’a. Aqa Buzurg Tihrani says, ” Bihar andar is a comprehensive book which contains the narrations of the Ahl al-Bayt a ; accurate anwqr, better than which cannot be found and it must be said that similar to this book has neither been written in the past, nor would ever be written in the future.
Imam Khomeini wrote, ” Bihar al-anwar is the work of the great scholar of hadith, Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi which contains nearly books and treatises; Bihar al-anwar is itself a library and its author wrote it when he saw that many hadiths books are about to be lost and wasted due to their small size and being less accessed. The important point about writing of Bihar al-anwar is that the author’s limited usage of the Four Books made it a less important jurisprudential reference and even though it has a great coverage of other fields in Shi’a culture, it is not used in jurisprudential discussions as a common reference.
Also, the type of analyses al-‘Allama al-Majlisi gives about hadiths have been made anwxr moderate Akhbari atmosphere and even where he faces rational issues, he criticizes that with a theological approach based on the apparent meaning, not with a rational and philosophical approach; therefore, some Shi’a scholars believe that al-‘Allama al-Majlisi’s explanations and comments are not accurate enough.
At the beginning of the book, al-‘Allama al-Majlisi mentioned Shi’a books written by 25 authors as the sources. He has also benefited from Sunni sources for proving and approving Shi’a hadiths the number of which reaches In writing Bihar al-anwarhe has also benefited from lexical sources and commentaries as well.
Al-‘Allama al-Majlisi also mentions some sources during the writing process of the book. Below, the titles of the books of Udru al-anwar based on the lithograph print 25 volume set and the contemporary print volume set are listed:. The most important and famous book written about Bihar al-anwar is Shaykh ‘Abbas Qummi ‘s Safinat al-bihar. Sayyid Athar Husayn S. Rizvi has translated the volume 13 of Bihar al-anwar titled as the Promised Mahdi. Volumes 11 to 14 Kitab fi ahwal al-anbiya’ wa qisasihimabout the biographies of prophets a and their stories in 82 chapters.
Volumes 15 to 22 Kitab fi ahwal nabiyyina al-akram a wa ahwal jumlat min aba’ihcontaining the biography of the Holy Prophet s and some of his forefathers, explaining the truth of miracles and the miracle of the Qur’anbiographies of Abu DharrSalman’AmmarMiqdad and some other great companionsin 72 chapters.
Volumes 23 to 27 Kitab fi mushtarakat ahwal al-a’imma aabout the common states of Imams arequirements of Imamatetheir Wilayaunusual attributes and their superiority over the previous prophets arewards for loving them, merits of their posterity and some debates of scholars, in chapters.
Volumes 28 to 34 Kitab fi l-fitan ba’d al-Nabi sabout the mischiefs made after the Prophet sconduct of caliphs and what happened during their rules, Battle of JamalBattle of SiffinBattle of NahrawanMu’awiya ‘s plundering of Iraqbiographies of some anwwr Imam ‘Ali’s a companions, commentary on some of poems attributed to him and the commentary of some of Imam’s letters, in 62 chapters. Volumes 35 to 42 Kitab fi ahwal Amir al-Mu’minin a min wiladatih ila shahdatih about the biography of Imam ‘Ali a from his birthday to his martyrdombiography of Abu Talibthe father of ‘Ali ahis faithand the faith of some of the companions of Imam ‘Ali a and hadiths about Imamate of Imams ain chapters.
Volumes 46 to 48 Kitab fi ahwal al-a’immat al-arba’a ba’d al-Husayn a about the biographies of the four Imams a after Imam al-Husayn a i.
Imam al-Rida aImam al-Taqi aImam al-Hadi a and Imam al-‘Askariand the biographies of some of their companions, in 39 chapters. Volumes 51 to 53 Kitab fi ahwal al-Hujjat al-Muntazar buharulabout the life of Imam al-Mahdi a in 36 chapters.
Volumes 54 to 63 Kitab fi l-sama’ wa l-‘alamabout the sky, the world and its creationits elements such as heavenly creatures, angelsjinnshuman beings, animals, matter, and prey. The method of killing the animals, edibles and beverages and the whole books of Biarul al-Nabi s and Tibb al-Rida ain chapters.
Volumes 64 to 76 Kitab fi l-iman wa l-kufrabout faith and disbelief in three parts, first: Good manner, what causes people’s survival from the catastrophes of the world, third: Volume 77 Kitab al-ziy wa l-tajammul fi l-adab wa l-sunan about manners, traditions, ornaments and decorations, hygiene, using kuhl, perfumes, night vigilsleeping, traveling, prohibitions and cardinal sinsin chapters. Volumes 78 to 88 Kitab al-rawda about advice and maxims in 73 chapters.
Volumes 89 to 91 Kitab fi l-taharat wa l-salat in two parts: Jabra’il al-Qummi ‘s treatise of Izahat al-‘illa. Also, the whole of Tafsir al-Nu’maniin chapters. Volumes 94 to 96 Kitab fi l-zakat wa l-sadaqa wa l-khums wa l-sawm about recommended practices of the year in chapters. Volumes 97 to Kitab fi l-hajj wa l-‘umraabout hajj’umrajihadenjoining to the good and forbidding the evildescription and events of Medinaetc. Volume Kitab fi l-mazarabout the ziyarahs narrated from the infallible Imams a in 64 chapters.
Volume Kitab fi l-ahkam l-shar’iyyaabout religious rulings to the book of diyat in 48 chapters.
Volumes to Kitab fi l-ijazatabout permissions and the list of contents for al-Shaykh Muntajab al-Din al-Razia selection of al-Sayyid ‘Ali Khan al-Madani ‘s Salafat al-‘asrbeginning parts of al-Sayyid b. Mawla Nur al-Din Muhammad b. Murtada’s Durar al-bihar Muhammad b. Murtada Kashani’s Muntakhab bihar al-anwar. Al-Mu’jam al-mufahras li alfaz ahdith bihar al-anwarQom, AH.
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Amin al-‘Amili, al-Sayyid Muhsin al. Dar al-Ta’aruf, AH. Zindigi nama-yi ‘Allami Majlisi. Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir al. Beirut, Mu’assist al-Wafa’, AH. Tehran, Maktabat al-Sadr, Sh. Al-Dhari’a ila tasanif al-Shi’a. Dar al-adwa’, AH. Retrieved from ” http: Featured articles Hadith literature Works of al-Allama al-Majlisi Written sources of the 17th century.
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Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 20 Novembergiharul This page has been accessed 50, times. Hadiths from Infallibles a.
Bahar-ul-Anwar – Volume 01 :
First by Muhammad Husayn Kumpani in 25 vol. Part IPart II. Hadiths regarding different topics such as fiqh and ethics. Man la yahduruh al-faqih. Collection of hadiths in the Four Books with eliminating repeated hadiths and explaining some awnar. Hadiths from most of the Infallibles a regarding various issues.