Kartagener syndrome is a subset of primary ciliary dyskinesia, an autosomal recessive condition characterised by an abnormal ciliary structure or function. Kartagener syndrome, current data on a classical disease. Case report. Keywords: Kartagener Syndrome; Primary. Resumen El sindrome de Kartagener es una enfermedad genetica poco frecuente que se hereda de forma autosomica recesiva, con una afectacion progresiva.

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Clinical suspicion of KS occurs when the heart is auscultated on the right and the liver is palpated on the left. Case 6 Case 6. Chest radiographic findings depend on the severity of underlying bronchiectasis. Eur Respir J,pp. After finding dextrocardia, it was necessary to ascertain visceral situs normal, inverted, ambiguous. Differential diagnoses of KS should be framed in its possible causal relationship with primary ciliary dyskinesia and other diagnoses associated with secondary ciliary dysfunction, such as cystic fibrosis, immunodeficiency and anatomical-functional conditions with rhinosinusitis and pulmonary infections involvement.

Síndrome de Kartagener. Diagnóstico en una paciente de 75 años | Archivos de Bronconeumología

European Respiratory Society guidelines for the diagno sis of primary ciliary dyskinesia. In addition, HRCT showed tomographic signs of infectious bronchiolitis. Situs and the fact that the kartzgener are usually located to the right or left do not have yet a satisfactory explanation regarding their correlation with KS, and new theories have been proposed in this regard.


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Symptomatology was interpreted as an infectious picture of low respiratory tract origin and possible bacterial sinusitis, for which antibiotic management was initiated with ampicillin sulbactam. The immotile cilia syndrome: The bronchial artery index is used to identify it and should normally be close to 1; however, it may increase during vasoconstriction or be normal during pulmonary hypertension.

New development fnfermedad the diagnosis of Kartagener’s syndrome.

Br Med Enfemredad,pp. Both sinus radiographs and CT scans of patients with KS may show thickening of the mucosa, opacified paranasal sinuses and hypoplastic enfermddad sinus. Ultrastructural abnormalities of bronchial cilia in children with recurrent airway infections and bronchiectasis. Check for errors and try again. Thank you for updating your details. Its characterization, in the case of this patient, was carried out by means of a CT scan that showed a predominantly cystic pattern.

Cilia, primary ciliary dyskinesia and molecular genetics.


The positions of the organs are known as situs solitus left heart, right liversitus inversus right heart, left liver or situs ambiguus some organs in an abnormal position, with others in normal position. No images or control laboratory exams were made.


Respiratory infectious involvement in patients with KS is explained by the alteration of the cilia, which leads both to the malposition of some organs and to the structural and functional alteration of others. La radiografia simple y la ecografia abdominal confirmaron un situs inversus total. Fishman’s pulmonary diseases and disorders 3.

Synonyms or Alternate Spellings: Log in Sign up. He also presented unquantified enermedad coughing with greenish expectoration; exertional dyspnea; odynophagia; generalized arthralgia; nasal congestion, and asthenia.

Case reports

Therefore, the cardinal sign of bronchiectasis on a CT scan ce the observation of bronchioles less than 1cm from the pleural silhouette Table 2. The annual decrease in forced expiratory volume in the first second FEV 1 has been calculated at 0. D utta M, Sarma J. No gender predilection is recognised.

Longitudinal study of lung function in a cohort of primary ciliary dyskinesia. The patient presented satisfactory clinical recovery and was discharged from the institution after completing the antibiotic scheme, with precise indications of outpatient controls by pulmonology.