Tratat de istorie a religiilor has ratings and 17 reviews. „Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvălui ca atare decât considerat în propria sa modalitate. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.

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They further assert that there is no imprint of overt political beliefs in Eliade’s scholarship, and also claim that Eliade’s critics are following political agendas. Together with Emil Cioran and other Romanian expatriates, Eliade rallied with the former diplomat Alexandru Busuioceanuhelping him publicize anti-communist opinion to the Western European eliaed.

Ornea noted that, in a short section of his Autobiography where he discusses the Einaudi incident, Eliade speaks of “my imprudent acts and errors committed in youth”, as “a series of malentendus that would follow me all my life. Uranus” [ permanent dead link ]in Observator CulturalNr. Eliade is known for his religilor to find broad, istpria parallels and unities in religion, particularly in myths.

With a group of friends, he designed and sailed a boat on reliigiilor Danubefrom Tulcea to the Black Sea. He concludes that the later Eliade was, in fact, a “radical modernist “.

Robert Ellwood describes Eliade’s approach to religion as follows. Be the first to ask a question about Tratat de istorie a religiilor. According to Eliade, this “terror of history” becomes especially acute when violent and threatening historical events confront modern man—the mere fact that a terrible event has happened, that it is part of history, is of little comfort to those who suffer from it.

As a result, his daughter decides to have intercourse with a lowly stranger, becoming pregnant in the hope that her parents would consequently allow her to istorai her lover. Third, the shamanistic phenomenon of repeated death and resurrection also represents a transfiguration in other ways. One could say that the anxious search for the origins of Life and Mind; the fascination in the ‘mysteries of Nature’; the urge to penetrate and decipher the inner structure of Matter—all these longings and drives denote a sort of nostalgia for the primordial, for the rellgiilor universal matrix.


His literary works belong to the fantastic and autobiographical genres.

A hierophany amounts to a “revelation of an absolute reality, opposed to the non-reality of the vast surrounding expanse”. His theory that hierophanies form the basis of religion, splitting the human experience of reality into sacred and profane space and time, has proved influential. On September 16,rrligiilor moved to France with his adopted daughter Giza.

He was elected a posthumous member of the Romanian Academy. To give his own life value, traditional man performs myths and rituals. In analyzing the similarities between the “mythologists” Eliade, Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung, Robert Ellwood concluded that the three modern mythologists, all of whom believed that myths reveal “timeless truth”, [] fulfilled the role ” gnostics ” had in antiquity.

Eliade approaches religion by imagining an ideally “religious” person, whom he calls homo religiosus in his writings.

Mircea Eliade

According to Eliade, religious elements survive in secular culture, but in new, “camouflaged” forms. In fact, he calls the coincidentia oppositorum “the mythical pattern”. In his work on the history of religion, Eliade is most highly regarded for his writings on Alchemy[80] ShamanismYoga and what he called the eternal return —the implicit belief, supposedly present in religious thought in general, that religious behavior is not only an imitation of, but also a participation in, sacred events, and thus restores the mythical time of origins.

According to Eliade, heavenly Supreme Beings are actually less common in more advanced cultures. Alchemy is a spiritual technique and can be understood not as an important moment in the history of science but rather as a kind of religious phenomenon with its own particular rules.

Tratat de istorie a religiilor by Mircea Eliade (1 star ratings)

Early in his life, Eliade was a journalist and essayist, a disciple of Romanian far-right philosopher and journalist Nae Ionescuand a member of the literary society Criterion. In addition, Ellwood identifies Eliade’s personal sense of nostalgia as a source for his interest in, or even his theories about, traditional societies.


In contrast, Professor Kees W.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. A short section of it summarizes an anti-Jewish attitude:. His political involvement at the time, as well as his other far right connections, were frequently criticised after World War II.

Eliade noted that, when traditional societies found a new territory, religii,or often perform consecrating rituals that reenact the hierophany that established the Center and founded the world. Notably, Eliade was itoria preoccupied with the cult of Zalmoxis and its supposed monotheism. Eliade lets the reader understand that they are in fact talking about the same woman.


Matter, Substance, represents the absolute originthe beginning of all things. The friendship between Eliade and Sebastian drastically declined during the war: In ShamanismEliade argues for a restrictive use of the word shaman: According to Sebastian, Eliade had been friendly to eeligiilor until the start of his political commitments, after which he severed all ties.

The Germans have no interest in the destruction of Romania.

Books by Mircea Eliade. Because the gods particularly the High God, according to Eliade’s deus otiosus concept were closer to humans during the mythical age, the shaman’s easy communication with the High God istoriz an abolition of history and a return to the mythical age. He later recalled that the book was an early step for understanding not just Indian religious practices, but also Romanian spirituality.

Kristine rated it did not like it Jan 16, By this time I knew the world to which the drawing room belonged [ After he has been dismembered by the initiatory spirits, they often replace his old organs with new, magical ones the shaman dies to his profane self so that he can rise again as a new, sanctified, being.

The new discipline of History of Religions developed rapidly in this cultural context.